I-jing -- A new translation

Book 2

by Jeh-Tween Gong


  1. Tranquillity: Tranquillity, the small goes and the great comes, getting through auspiciously.

    The kwa signs:
    In tranquillity the small goes and the great comes, getting through auspiciously. This is the development of myriad beings due to the interaction of heaven and earth. Above and below communicate, so their wills are the same. Yang inside and yin outside, strong inside and docile outside, a righteous leader is in power and the unrighteous people are out of office, the power of upright leaders are strong, while the unrighteous persons vanish.
    The Image: When heaven and earth commune, there is tranquillity. Thus does the ruler administer the way of heaven and earth and assist the balance of heaven and earth, so as to influence the people.

    The yao signs:

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  2. Obstruction: Obstruction's denial of humanity does not make the leader's correctness beneficial. The great goes and the small (unrighteous) comes.

    The kwa signs:

    The yao signs:

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  3. Sameness with People: Sameness with people in the wilderness is successful. It is beneficial to cross a great river. It is beneficial for a leader to be correct.

    The kwa signs:
    In sameness with people, flexibility finds its place and gains balance, so to correspond with the heaven. When it says that sameness with people in the wilderness is successful, and that it is beneficial to cross a great river, this is creative action. Health through civilization and enlightenment, responding with balance correctly is the correctness of a leader. A leader is one who can communicate with the wills of the world.
    The Image: Fire reaching sky -- (symbol of) sameness with people. Leaders distinguish beings in terms of classes and families.

    The yao signs:

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  4. Great Possession: Great possession is great success.

    The kwa signs:
    In great possession, flexibility is in an important position. Greatness is balanced, and above and below respond to it. This is called great possession. Its qualities are firm strength and civilized intelligence. It responds to nature and acts according to the time; therefore it is greatly successful.
    The Image: Fire in the sky -- great possession. Leaders obey nature and accept its order by stopping the bad and promoting the good.

    The yao signs:

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  5. Humility: Humility gets through. An upright person reaches a final goal.

    The kwa signs:
    Humility gets through. The way of heaven, descending to provide and to shine. The way of earth, lowly, goes upward. The way of heaven takes from the full and enhances the humble. The way of earth changes the full and spreads humility. Spirits take from the full and bless the humble. The way of humans is to dislike the full and like the humble. Humility is noble and shines, low yet unsurpassable. This is the final goal of leaders.
    The Image: Mountain in the earth -- humility. Leaders assess people and give impartially, by taking from the abundant and adding to the scarce.

    The yao signs:

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  6. Preparation: Preparation. It is beneficial to set up foundations and mobilize the army.

    The kwa signs:
    In Preparation, strength responds and its will is carried out. Acting in sequence is Preparation; Preparation acts in sequence, so even heaven and earth conform to it, to say nothing of setting up foundations and mobilizing the army. Heaven and earth act in sequence, so the sun and moon are not out of the line, the four seasons are not out of order. Sages obey the logical sequences, so punishments are clear and the people accept. The duty of the time of Preparation is great.
    The Image: When thunder emerges, the earth stirs -- Preparation. Thus did the kings of yore make music to honor virtue, offering it in abundance to God and to share it with their ancestors.

    The yao signs:

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  7. Following: Following is very successful, beneficial if correct. No fault.

    The kwa signs: Following, firmness acts flexibility, its actions please people. Following is very successful if it is correct; then there is no fault, and the world follows the time and cycles. The meaning of following the time is great indeed.
    The Image: Thunder over the lake -- following. Leaders go in and rest at sundown.

    The yao signs:

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  8. Readiness: From readiness comes great development. It is beneficial to cross a great river. Creating systems, three days before, three days after.

    The kwa signs: In readiness, strength is above, weakness below. No more opponent; this is readiness. In readiness there is great development, whereby the world is ordered. It is beneficial to cross a great river; going forth, there is something to do. Creating systems, three days before, three days after -- the end thus has a beginning, the activity of heaven.
    The image: wind in the mountains -- readiness. Leaders thus arouse the people to nurture virtue.

    The yao signs:

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  9. Ruling: Ruling is very successful, beneficial if correct. If you wait until the eighth month, there will be misfortune.

    The kwa signs: In ruling, strength gradually grows. Joyful and harmonious, strength is balanced and responsive. Great success in a correct manner is the way of nature. In the eighth month there will be misfortune because waning does not take long.
    The Image: There is earth above a body of water. Leaders educate the people always and protect the people without bound.

    The yao signs:

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  10. Observing: Observing, having washed the hands but not presented the offering, there is sincerity that is reverent.

    The kwa signs:
    The great observed on high, harmonious, shows the world balance and rectitude. Observing, having washed the hands but not presented the offering, there is sincerity that is reverent. Those below observe it and are transformed. Observing the spiritual way of heaven, the four seasons are orderly. Sages use the spiritual way to establish education, and all the world accepts.
    The Image: Wind travels over the earth -- observing. Kings of yore examined the regions and observed the people to set up education.

    The yao signs:

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