I-jing -- A new translation

Book 6

by Jeh-Tween Gong


  1. Richness: Richness is success; a king attains this. Do not worry. Take advantage of the sun at noon.

    The kwa signs:
    Richness is greatness. Action with understanding results in richness. A king attaining this adds greatness. Do not worry -- take advantage of the sun at noon; it is good to illumine the world. After noon, the sun goes down; after becoming full, the moon wanes. The filling and emptying of heaven and earth wax and wane with time; how much more so in the case of human beings, and how much more so in the case of ghosts and spirits?
    The image: Thunder and lightning both come, richness. Thus do leaders pass judgments and execute punishments.

    The yao signs:

    [back to index]

  2. Travel: Travel has a little success. Travel is auspicious if correct.

    The kwa signs:
    Travel has a little success. Flexibility attains balance and harmonizes with power outside. Calmly cleaving to understanding, therefore there is a little success, and travel is auspicious if correct. The significance of the timing of travel is great indeed.
    The image: Fire on a mountain -- traveling. True leaders apply punishments with understanding and prudence, and do not keep people imprisoned.

    The yao signs:

    [back to index]

  3. Wind: The small comes through successfully. It is beneficial to have a place to go. It is beneficial to see great people.

    The kwa signs:
    Double wind expresses directions. Strength follows balance and rectitude, so the aim is carried out. The weak all follow the strong, so the small come through successfully, benefiting from having a place to go, benefiting from seeing great people.
    The image: Wind following wind -- thus do leaders articulate directions and carry out tasks.

    The yao signs:

    [back to index]

  4. Delight: Delight comes through, beneficial if correct.

    The kwa signs:
    The lake stands for delight. Strength in balance, outwardly flexible, delight is beneficial if correct; this is how to obey heaven and respond to humanity. When the people are led with delight, the people forget their toil; when difficulty is entered into with delight, the people forget their safety. The greatness of delight is how it inspires the people.
    The image: Joined lakes are joyful. Thus do righteous people study and practice with companions.

    The yao signs:

    [back to index]

  5. Dispersal: Dispersal is successful. The king goes to his ancestral shrine. It benefits to cross great rivers. It is beneficial if correct.

    The kwa signs:
    Dispersal is successful. Strength comes and does not become exhausted. Flexibility is in its place outwardly and assimilates above. The king goes to his ancestral shrine; the king is then in the center. It benefits to cross great rivers -- riding on wood has success.
    The image: Wind travels over the water, dispersing. Ancient kings honored God and set up shrines. (Attained mandate)

    The yao signs:

    [back to index]

  6. Regulation: Regulation is successful, but painful regulation is not to be held to.

    The kwa signs:
    Regulation is successful. Firmness and flexibility divide, and firmness gains balance. Painful regulation is not to be held to, because that would lead to an impasse. Work through danger joyfully, take charge of the situation with discipline, get through with balance and rectitude. As heaven and earth are regulated, the four seasons take place. When laws are established with regulation, they do not damage property or injure people.
    The image: Water over a lake, regulated. Leaders establish numbers and measures, and consider virtuous conduct.

    The yao signs:

    [back to index]

  7. Sincerity in the Center: Sincerity in the center is auspicious when simple-minded. It is beneficial to cross great rivers. It is beneficial to be upright.

    The kwa signs:
    With sincerity in the center, flexibility is within and firmness is in the center. Joyful and docile, sincerity then transforms the nation. The simple-minded are fortunate in that sincerity affects the simple-minded. It is beneficial to cross great rivers, riding on a carved wooden boat. Sincerity in the center with beneficial uprightness follows the way of heaven.
    The image: There is wind over a lake, with sincerity in the center. True leaders consider judgments and postpone execution.

    The yao signs:

    [back to index]

  8. Small Excess: Small excess turns out all right. It is beneficial to be correct. It is all right for small matters, not for great matters. Birds sing beautifully while at rest, cry when fly (not able to find a place to rest). It birds can land, then there will be great good fortune.

    The kwa signs: Small excess is excess in small things, which turns out all right. When there is excess, it is beneficial to be correct, which means to act in accord with the time. Flexibility is in balance, so small matters have a good outcome. Firmness is out of place and not balanced, so it is not suitable for great matters. There is the image of a flying bird therein: the cry left by the flying bird should not rise but descend -- then there will be great good fortune. Rising meets opposition, descending meets accord.
    The image: Thunder over a mountain -- small excess. Righteous people are exceedingly deferential in conduct, exceedingly sad in mourning, and exceedingly abstemious in consumption.

    The yao signs:

    [back to index]

  9. Settled: Settlement is successful, even in small matters. It is beneficial to be correct; otherwise there is good fortune at first but disorder in the end.

    The kwa signs:
    Settlement is successful; small matters succeed. It is beneficial to be correct; firmness and flexibility are correct and in their places. At first it is auspicious; flexibility gains balance. Being settled (stop), in the end, there is confusion; the path reaches an impasse.
    The image: Water over fire -- settled. Righteous people consider problems and prevent them.

    The yao signs:

    [back to index]

  10. Unsettled: Being unsettled leads to success. A little fox, almost crossing, gets its tail wet. Nothing is gained.

    The kwa signs:
    Being unsettled leads to success, insofar as flexibility is in balance. The little fox about to cross has not yet gotten out. Getting its tail wet, it gains nothing, in that it does not continue to the end. Although out of place, the firm and the flexible correspond.
    The image: Fire over water -- unsettled. Righteous people carefully discern things and keep them in their places.

    The yao signs:

    [back to index]