Prequark Chromodynamics

Copyright © 1992 by Dr. Tienzen (Jeh-Tween) Gong

I: Prequark representations

In Quantum Chromodynamics, the fundamental elementary particles are descirbed with the graph below.

There are also three quark colors. In Prequark theory, these three colors can be represented as three seats. For each seat, it can be either empty (Vacutron) or occupied (Angultron). Thus, only four different kinds of particles can be formed:

  1. A particle with all seats occupied by Angultrons carries one unit of electric charge, and it is named positron.
  2. A particle with two seats occupied by Angultrons carries 2/3 units of electric charge, and it is named UP quark.
  3. A particle with one seat occupied by an anti-Angultron carries -1/3 units of electric charge, and it is named Down quark.
  4. A particle with no seat occupied by Angultron carries zero units of electric charge, and it is named neutrino.

Furthermore, for a given quark, there are three ways to arrange the seating, and each way is distinguishable from others. Physicists have chosen three color labels to identify these differences. So, two quarks (Up and Down) evolve into six distinguishable quarks. The entire present universe is constructed with these eight elementary particles (six quarks and two leptons).
Again, in Quantum Chromodynamics, there are three generations of quarks. These three generations are identified with three numbers, 1, 2 and 3. The prequark representations for those elementary particles are listed in table I and table II.

Table I: Prequark Representation for Leptons
Generation Particle name Prequark Representation Colors Electric Charge
1st Electron -(A, A, A1) colorless one (1)
1st Neutrino (V, V, V1) colorless 0
2nd Muon -(A, A, A2) colorless one (1)
2nd Muon neutrino (V, V, V2) colorless 0
3rd Tau -(A, A, A3) colorless one (1)
3rd Tau neutrino (V, V, V3) colorless 0

Table II: Prequark Representation for Quarks
Generation Particle name Red Yellow Blue Electric Charge
1st Up quark (V, A, A1) (A, V, A1) (A, A, V1) 2/3
1st Down quark -(A, V, V1) -(V, A, V1) -(V, V, A1) -1/3
2nd Charm quark (V. A. A2) (A, V, A2) (A, A, V2) 2/3
2nd Strange quark -(A, V, V2) -(V, A, V2) -(V, V, A2) -1/3
3rd Top quark (V, A, A3) (A, V, A3) (A, A, V3) 2/3
3rd Bottom quark -(A, V, V3) -(V, A, V3) -(V, V, A3) -1/3

Three notions shall be mentioned here.
First, the quark color corresponds to a special seating arrangement. I have chosen the first seat to be red, yellow for the second seat, blue for the third. The quark color is identified by the seat's color which is occupied by a minority prequark. For example, V is the minority prequark in (V, A, A1), and it sits on the red seat; so (V, A, A1) has a red color. (V, A, V1) is yellow because the minority prequark A sits on the yellow seat. The prequarks (A or V) themselves are colorless.
Second, quark colors obey the complementary rules: a) R + Y + B = White (colorless), b) R + Y = anti-B, etc.
Third, the generation of a quark or a lepton is represented by a number, 1, 2 or 3. For convenience, the generation numbers are attached on the third seat. The prequarks and seats have no generation.


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