Laws of Life in Taoism
Copyright © March, 1994 by Dr. Tienzen (JehTween) Gong
Abstract: What are Laws of Life? Are laws of life different from laws of physics? Are laws of physics designed to create life (Strong Anthropic Principle)? Or, life is merely permitted by laws of physics (Weak Anthropic Principle)!
These issues were discussed in detail in my book Truth, Faith, and Life. In this paper, I am going to use a slightly different approach  the view points of Taoism. Thus, I can also make a contribution on Comparative Philosophy.
I: Taoist's laws of life and of universe
Seven laws of life of Taoism were known in China for many thousand years. They were grouped into 3 groups.
A: Laws of YinYang
 Whatever exists embodies both yin and yang.
 Yin and Yang are mutually immanent in each other, that is, yang contains yin and vice versa.
 Any inference that some existence is 100% yang and 0% yin is false, and vice versa.
B: Laws of Mutual Immanence
 The mutuality of yinyang is also mutually immanent (the second order of mutual immanence), such as: the amount of mutuality of yinyang in one existent may be y% and thus lack mutuality in the amount of (100y)%, and vice versa.
 Any inference that some existence embodies or lacks the mutuality of yinyang in the amount of 100% is false, and vice versa.
C: Laws of Dynamics
 Any inference that yin and yang are embodied in any static way is false because existence (tao) is dynamic.
 Any inference that the amount of the mutuality of yinyang and the amount of the lack of mutuality of yinyang embodied in any existent are in any static way is false, because existence (tao) is dynamic.
Note 1: These are the laws of Yijing while they were not written out in this way in it. This summation is all mine.
Note 2: Many scholars use the term Taoism as Laotze Taoism which is a small Tao. The Tao of Confucianism encompasses a much bigger scope. Please read Confucianism  a great religion of mankind.
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II: Mathematical Representation
Today most of Westerners and even most of Chinese view these laws of life of Taoism as meaningless mumbling. But great treasures can and will be revealed when we transform these verbal statements into mathematical representations with a method of isomorphic transformation. Under isomorphic transformation, no substance will be added to or subtracted from this theory although the new representation will seemingly have no resemblance to the original theory.
For convenience, I am using some oneletter variable to replace those lengthy verbal terms.
 R = 100% Yin
 Y = 100% Yang
 B = 100% mutual immanence of yin and yang
 G = 100% lacking mutuality of immanence of yin and yang
From point 3 and 5, R, Y, B and G are nonexistent. Thus, the term of Nonexistent can be defined in terms of set representation.
Nonexistent = {R, Y, B, G} ....................Equation (1)
From point 1, 2 and 4, Existent can be defined as,
Existent = Mix (R, Y, B, G) .....................Equation (2)
This Mix ( ) function is defined as such so that Existent will be neither R, nor Y, nor B, nor G.
If we define P = {Existent/time = C, C is a constant}, then P represents all static states and is Nonexistent according to point 6 and 7. Thus, equation (1) and (2) become,
NonExistent = {R, Y, B, G, P} .................Equation (3)
Existent = Mix (R, Y, B, G, P) .................. Equation (4)
Obviously, equation (3) and (4) represent an isomorphic transformation from this 7point theory.
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III: Color theory and Topology
With this new representation, many surprises can be revealed.
First, is Nonexistent nonreality? If Nonexistent is nonreality, then Existent must be also nonreality because Existent is defined with and by Nonexistent in equation (2) and (4). This is the paradox of Existent and Nonexistent, and it is in fact the mutual immanence of Nonexistent and Existent. Perhaps, all books of metaphysics ought to be rewritten.
Second, these four (4) Nonexistent in equation (1) form a four point boundary for all existent. That is, there is a universe of existence, which is enclosed by these 4 points (of nonExistent). This fourpoint boundary seems to be a bizarre boundary. Thus, there must be a new meaning for the term boundary.
From the equations above, a set of field equations can be developed to describe the states of every point (Existent) in that universe. These field equations will be quite complicate and cannot be understood by general public. The alternative is to represent that universe (all Existent) with colors, such as computer simulation.
The universe represented by equation (1) and (2) can be described with four colors [R(red), Y(Yellow), B(Blue) and G(Green)]. Thus, this Taoism theory can be best described with a color theory, and surprisingly there are three color theories already on the shelf:
 1) the four color theorem of Topology  the map on a ball can be distinguished with 4 and only 4 colors.
 2) the four color theory of Elementary Particle Physics (Quantum Chromodynamics),
 3) the four color theory of generepresentation  all genes can be written out with 4 codes (colors).
As a coincidence, the universe represented with equation (1) and (2) (derived from only 5 points out of this 7point theory) is also a 4color (R, Y, B, G) universe. Obviously, any fourcolor theory is not ultimate theory according to this 7point theory. Thus, Chromodynamics of elementary particle physics and life science of generepresentation can only be a snap shot (a still and static picture) of a dynamic universe according to the point 6 and 7 of this Taoism theory.
In order to understand the color theory further, we must use the concepts of Topology. Topology is quite simple when those academic terminology were removed. Please put an unopened Pepsi can, a handleless glass cup and a coffee cup with a handle in front of us. These three items are not only the models of this 7point theory but the models of true universe.

First, please shake or kick the unopened Pepsi can, or do whatever we please but do not break the surface of the can. Although the can will be deformed, there is essentially nothing changed, no Pepsi coming out, nor air getting in. In fact, this unopened Pepsi can is a static system, no flows, and it is a topological ball. This cylinder can can be transformed into a ball with a continuous deformation (Topological Transformation).
Equation (1) and (2) represent 5 points of this 7point theory, and these equations describe a four color (R, Y, B and G) theorem. The fourcolor theorem in Topology describes a topological ball. In other wards, the first 5 points describe a static, ballshaped (the same as an unopened Pepsi can) universe which in fact is a snap shot of a dynamic universe.

Second, please open the Pepsi can and enjoy it. By punching a hole on a topological ball, we have transformed this topological ball (unopened Pepsi can) into a handleless glass cup, and a flow (force) can be created. In fact, after the punching of a hole, we are now able to drink the Pepsi which was deeply hidden before. By stretching the hole, the ball surface will transform into a plane. In fact, this oneholeball is a topological plane. A handleless glass cup is in fact a topological plane.
A topological plane can be either a static or a dynamic system. It is a static system when it is in the form of a glass cup and holds a can of Pepsi. It ca be and is dynamic system when someone is drinking with it.
In Topology, any finite size plane can also be covered by a fourcolor theorem, but fourcolor theorem fails to cover an infinite plane. If a universe has the shape as a Topological plane (infinite), four colors (R, Y, G, B) are not enough to describe it.

Third, when we punch another (2nd) hole on a plane, this plane can no longer be a static system. It leaks. If we stretch this 2nd hole, we will realize that we have transformed a plane into a donut. The handle of your coffee cup is a donut. The entire coffee cup is a topological donut. One part of the donut was transformed into a plane (a glass cup). Obviously, this donut (a coffee cup) can be both a static and dynamic system. Equation (3) and (4) (the representation of the entire 7 points) are in fact describing a universe which has shape as a coffee cup (with a handle).
It seems that my discussion is now far removed from our original 7point theory. It seems that the discussion of ballplanedonut is nothing but nonsense. But, this is the KEY to the meaning of LIFE which is the most important part of universe.
Although the unisexual reproduction (virgin birth) is a reality, the bisexual reproduction accounts for 99% of the visible world. An egg and a sperm are in fact topological balls, but most lives turn into donuts (with a digestive tract). Thus, life is a balldonut transformation.
According to the above discussion, the only way to transform a ball into a donut is by punching two holes on the ball. The first hole transforms a ball into a plane. The 2nd hole transforms the plane into a donut.
In fact, life simply just did that. When a sperm penetrates an egg, the first hole was punched. If the sperm remains a sealed ball, no fertilization can take place, in short, no life. Thus, a 2nd hole must also be punched to allow the unification between egg and sperm. Again, life is a balldonut transformation.
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IV: Nonexistent and Boundary
Why are the point 6 and 7 painting a donutshaped universe? In order to answer this question, we must revisit the issue of meaning of boundary. In equation (1) and (2), the boundary of our universe (all existent) is portrayed as four points (four Nonexistent). Now, we have many questions.
First, are those four Nonexistent (R, Y, B and G) distinguishable? This question itself is contradicting with the original definitions: they were precisely defined by point 3 and 5.
For the sake of shortening this discussion, I will keep this question unanswered. Thus, we open up all possibilities.
 All these four Nonexistent are the same.
 They are distinguishable and all different.
 Some of them are the same, ....
 .........
For the sake of simplifying the issue, I use the first possibility (the simplest case, case A) that all four Nonexistent are the same in this discussion. Since they are the same, these four points (Nonexistent) will merge into one point. Thus, the universe according to Eq(1) and Eq(2) will become a ball plus one point (the nonExistent). The entire ball surface except one point (the Nonexistent) represents Existent.
Now, the first 5 points (equation (1) and (2)) describe a universe as a ball with a hole, and this hole is only a point. This onepointhole is in fact the boundary of the entire universe.
What is this onepointhole? It is the complement of the entire ball surface which has an infinite number of geometrical points. In Topology, this onepointhole can be stretched, and the ball with this onepointhole can be transformed into a plane. This onepointhole will become the outer edge (boundary) of the plane. Thus, this onepointhole indeed becomes infinity  boundary of an infinite plane. Thus, this onepointhole contains an infinite number of geometrical points. I called this onepointhole (Nonexistent) a blackpoint in my books. Every Nonexistent is an infinity. In fact, this discussion shows the mutual immanence of Nothingness (onepointhole) and Infinity. This is another example of the unification of zero and infinity. Please read my book The Divine Constitution.
Although I did not define what the geometrical point is, I have defined what the geometrical hole (Nonexistent) is. Every geometrical hole is the boundary of its universe and is an infinity. All Existent depend upon and are defined by these boundaries.
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V: Mutual Immanence of Arbitrariness and Absoluteness
Seemingly, I have misled everyone in the foregoing sections by saying that equation (1) and (2) describe a sealed, ballshaped, static universe, but it turns out to be a planeshaped and staticdynamic universe when the meaning and the reality of Nonexistent are considered. A ball with a onepointhole is in fact a topological plane.
I had no intention to mislead anyone. There are in fact only four variables (colors) in equation (1) and (2), and it in fact portrays a ballshaped universe according to Topology. This is the result of the difference between Color theory and Field theory. In Field theory, it is quite clear that equation (1) and (2) contain only four variables. On the contrary, in Color theory there are in fact five colors in equation (1) and (2), four (R, Y, B and G) explicit ones and one hidden color.
Only in color theory, this hidden color is demanded because of a complementary rule which is the governing rule in all color theories. On the other hand, complementary rule is not required in all other physics (especially Field theories). Thus, a whole (colorless) color must exist in addition to those four colors.
So, four colors are enough to describe a sealed, ballshaped universe, but a 5th color is needed to represent this onepointhole (Nonexistent) which is the boundary of universe.
Now, color theory is no longer as an alternate representation to other theories. Color theory is the only tool which is capable of describing the essence of nature, the Complementarity.
In this section, I started with artificially eliminating the difference between all colors (Nonexistent, R, Y, B and G) by choosing the case A but reached a conclusion that not only the original four colors remain to be distinguishable but one additional color is needed because of the demand of complementarity.
What is going on here? The essence of nature cannot even be defined away. Perhaps, the distinguishable and the indistinguishable are mutual immanent; they are isomorphic. In fact, this is the case. On the one hand, these four colors (Nonexistent) must be distinguishable because the existence of all Existent depend upon it (see equation (2)). On the other hand, these four (or five) colors must be indistinguishable because the existence of Nonexistent (Eternity) depends upon it. In fact, Nonexistent is both One and Many at the same time. Nonexistent is the foundation of all realities; all Existent depend on and are defined by Nonexistent. A special case of this law is that all lives must die. This is the mutual immanence of Nothingness and Infinity (the zeroinfinity symmetry). This is also the mutual immanence of arbitrariness and absoluteness which is the major topic of Laws of Mathematics.
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VI: Nonexistent  the Infinite
So far, this discussion did not add any substance into this 7point theory but in fact only discussed a portion of it. I only made some new interpretations. Nonetheless, one conclusion is quite clear at this point. This 7point theory is in fact containing two theories  color theory and infinity theory. Color theory is demanded by the reality of Complementarity. Infinity theory is demanded by the reality of Hole (Nonexistent).
So far, I only discussed equation (1) and (2) which are the first 5 points. These 5 points describe a planeshaped universe and needs five colors to describe it. By adding point 6 and 7, the situation becomes much more complicated.
First, P (Existent/time = C) is not a single Nonexistent but represents an infinite number of Nonexistent in two ways,

a) there are an infinite number of Existent, so P is infinite,

b) there are an infinite number of C (constant), so P again is infinite.
Thus, P becomes P6 and P7, and equation (3) and (4) become,

Nonexistent = {R, Y, B, G, P6, P7, W} ...................Equation (5)

Existent = Mix (R, Y, B, G, P6, P7, W) ................... Equation (6)
Equation (5) and (6) form an isomorphic representation of this 7 points. The W (white, colorless color) in equation (5) is demanded by the reality of Complementarity.
Second, as I discussed before, with one additional puncture (hole) on a plane, a plane will be transformed into a donut. If we chose that Nonexistent (R, Y, B and G) are distinguishable in the foregoing section, there are enough holes (as two holes are required) already to transform a ballshaped, static universe into a donutshaped and dynamic one. I did not choose this easy path but assumed that R, Y, B and G are indistinguishable. I did this for a reason.
I wanted to emphasize that P6 and P7 (Nonexistent) are quite different from the Nonexistent (R, Y, B and G). Every Nonexistent is an infinity, but there are more than one type of infinity. One infinity can be much larger (infinitely larger) than others (see my book Truth, Faith, and Life).
By including point 6 and 7, there are enough holes (Nonexistent P6 and P7) to transform a planeshaped universe into a donutshaped (a coffee cup with handle) universe which contains LIFE. According to equation (5) and (6), 7 colors are needed in this 7point theory.
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VII: Conclusion  Strong Anthropic Principle Prevails
My prequark Model of elementary particle is a 7 color theory which describes a balldonut transformation. This life theory of Taoism is also a 7 color theory, and life indeed goes through a balldonut transformation. In short, the laws of life is isomorphic to the laws of physics. Thus, laws of physics are designed to create lives. The Strong Anthropic Principle prevails.
Balldonut transformation involves of punching two holes. These two holes are Nonexistent and are boundary of all existent. These two holes are omnipresence (in life, in elementary particles and in universe), and they cannot even be defined away.
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Recommended readings:
Confucianism: the greatest religion of mankind
Taoism in the eyes of modern physicists
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